Advantages of Mini Excavators in a Big Job

Many construction jobs require excavators. What is excavator as the main function? For example, such as making a slope or sloping in the material, making loading or dump truck, breaker or rock breaker. Because of its flexible and multi functional, the excavator is always there in all types of heavy work both on water and on land.

Is that excavator really important? Of course, the article is that in construction, heavy equipment is needed that is capable of moving one material to another. Excavator is a fairly versatile tool because it can do other construction work.

An excavator is a heavy equipment consisting of a boom, arm and bucket. What does that mean, the excavator is operated by hydraulic power which is run by a diesel engine that is above the trackshoe or chain.

What are Excavators?

The definition of an excavator is heavy equipment that is used in projects when you have to lift large amounts of soil or something else. Excavators generally have a cabin that can be rotated 360°. Besides the 360° rotating cab you can recognize the excavator by the movable track and arms. Excavators have various sizes according to their function in the field.

The bigger the excavator, the heavier the goods that can be carried and worked on. But if you want to rent an excavator you have to see the project area so that the excavator can enter and move.

Parts And Functions Of The Excavator

Excavator consists of several parts that can not be separated. If only one part is left, it is impossible to use it to perform its function. What can be removed and replaced only on the front is the attachment. The excavator consists of a bucket, arm, hydraulic, boom, cab, engine, counterweight and track frame. Platforms and wheels are used to provide mobility to lift and remove debris on the project.

Interchangeable tools are hydraulic attachments that serve different purposes. There are several attachments namely;


Bucket is the most common object in the excavator. This bucket is the front like a tooth that can scoop and dig. Buckets have different variations. The most common bucket is the trench bucket which is designed from digging trenches.


The auger, which can be called a drill, has the function of drilling the ground. This auger can reach objects and drill deep holes. Augers have different sizes and specifications depending on the conditions and terrain. Augers range from 1 inch to 50 inches in length and can dig up to 32 feet.


Breaker is a tool that has a much larger size than jackhammers. This breaker has up to 1000 pounds of impact energy that can penetrate hard surfaces such as concrete and rock.


This clamp is used to take material that is too large when using a bucket. Examples include concrete, trees, and others. This clamp has the advantage of being easy to attach and remove.


This coupler serves to make it easier to carry out the process of moving from task to different process in the project.

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Types of Excavators that you should know

Crawler Excavators

Crawler Excavators are different from other excavators, because this excavator does not run on wheels. This excavator uses a crawler that runs on two endless tracks.

This excavator is capable of mining and heavy construction work. This excavator is used to lift heavy debris and soil.
This excavator provides balance and stability for uneven ground. This crawler excavator has a drawback, namely its movement is slower than other excavators.

Wheeled Excavators

Wheeled excavators have a body similar to crawler excavators. Wheeled excavators use wheels instead of crawlers.
Using wheels to move around will make it quicker and easier to maneuver on asphalt, concrete, and other flat surfaces.

For this wheeled excavator is used for road works or urban projects. The drawback of this wheeled excavator is that this excavator cannot be on an uneven surface.

Dragline Excavators

Dragline excavators are larger than others and have a different way of operating. This dragline excavator uses a hoist rope system that attaches to a bucket.

On the other hand the bucket is attached to the dragline it extends to the cabin. The pulley rope is used to lower and raise the bucket. Dragline serves to pull the bucket towards the cabin.

Suction Excavators

Dragline excavator has another name, namely vacuum excavator or suction excavator. This dragline excavator can produce a large amount of power, almost equivalent to 400 horsepower.

This excavator has sharp teeth on the edges and creates a vacuum to carry dirt and dirt at 200 miles per hour.
This dragline excavator has the advantage of being able to reduce damage during complex work, but it also has the disadvantage that it is impractical for large-scale land.

Skid Steer Excavators

Unlike the above excavators, skid steer excavators have the boom and bucket set away from the driver. This tool makes it possible to reach those around it wider.

This tool is usually used in narrower areas and maneuvers in difficult corners. This excavator is commonly used for digging ponds, housework, debris removal, site cleaning, and so on. The drawback of this excavator is that it cannot work properly on uneven or slippery surfaces.

Long Reach Excavators

Long Reach Excavators have a long reach. This tool has a long arm and boom section. This tool can be used in hard-to-reach locations because this excavator can be extended to more than 100 feet horizontally.

This excavator is usually used for demolition projects such as tearing down building structures, tearing down walls, and so on. The drawback of this excavator is that it is difficult to use in tight spaces.

Mini Excavators

As the name suggests, these mini excavators are smaller in size than other excavators. This mini excavator is a smaller and lighter version of the standard excavator to minimize soil damage and installation in locations with compact and narrow soil. The drawback of this excavator is that it can only handle a small load.

Hydraulic Shovels

Hydraulic shovels are the most powerful type of excavator. These hydraulic shovels are used in mining projects, besides that they can be used to lift or transport large stones, minerals and heavy materials.

What is Mini Excavators?

Mini excavator is an excavator with the smallest or mini size compared to other types of excavators. Mini excavators can be operated in various places or areas for various types of projects, for example for excavation, land clearing, land preparation and others.

Its small size can reduce damage to the floor surface and is easy to move and simpler to operate. To operate this unit does not require a lot of power.

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As the name implies, ‘Mini Excavator‘ is a simplified version of a standard excavator. This tool is one of the most important parts of construction and demolition projects. Even though there is the word ‘mini’ and shows a physical form, the word does not reflect its very broad function and plays a very important role in developing a business.

Its lighter weight and smaller size compared to standard excavators make it ideal for confined area work and in terms of reducing costs for even small to medium sized projects.

With a smaller size than a standard excavator, this makes the mini excavator able to make roads in limited or small areas or densely populated areas. This is one of the advantages when compared with a standard excavator. In addition, mini excavators also do not require high maintenance costs when compared to standard excavators.

The reason why Mini Excavators are more in demand


The extremely wide range of uses shown by the mini excavator testifies to its versatility and versatility. Can be used for excavating soil, small-scale demolition and others. The bucket on the mini excavator can also be replaced with other attachments according to the needs and usage.


Its mini size allows the tool to enter relatively limited areas where standard excavators or other heavy equipment cannot reach. For work areas with narrow streets or located in the middle of cities, a mini excavator is a heavy equipment that is very suitable for completing work practically. Mini excavator has a small and light physique.

Higher Efficiency

When compared to a standard excavator, less fuel is required for operation, and the exhaust emissions produced are also less. This makes operational costs expenditures minimal. Apart from this feature, setting the rotation of this engine can prevent wastage of fuel. As a result, fuel utilization is fairly optimal.

Affordable Cost

For any type of business, the point is to get the job done at the lowest possible cost. For small to medium-sized projects, mini excavators are more in demand because of their relatively low cost. The entrepreneur’s desire to achieve the desired result without burdening the company’s budget. The purchase price for a mini excavator is much cheaper than a standard excavator.

5 trademarks of mini excavators on the market

The trade mark of a mini excavator may be very familiar to you, maybe you have even used it so far. However, do you know about the other mini excavator trademarks that you might not know about, here are a few of them.

Kubota mini excavator

Kubota is a Japanese company that has been designing and manufacturing equipment for agriculture, construction, and many other applications for over a century. During the development of the mini excavator over more than 30 years, two basic concepts, boom swing and zero-tail swing, revealed the importance of these features to meet the global needs of diverse construction sites.

During the late 1990s, Kubota took the lead by launching an international standard mini excavator that integrated both features for the global market. Kubota mini excavators are widely used in plantations, urban construction and various other applications.

Bobcat mini excavator

Bobcat excavators are designed to push your performance and productivity to new levels. The Bobcat mini excavator range includes enhanced features for precise control to work more efficiently and convenience features to make tough jobs easier.

Every Bobcat excavator is built compatible with a special range of attachments and designed to push performance to new levels. Many of the Bobcat mini excavator models can be configured with industry-exclusive features.

The Bobcat mini excavator gives you the ability to maximize productivity and uptime under the toughest and most restrictive working conditions. From your initial model selection to your last day on the job, we make it easy to meet big challenges with compact solutions.

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Cat mini excavator

The mini excavator industry continues to be enthusiastic amidst the euphoria of infrastructure development, which is supported by increasing demand from the agricultural sector to Industrial Plantation Forests.

Not only because of its high power but also its relatively small size, making it easy enough to transport to remote project sites. For those who are looking for a Cat mini excavator but high performance we recommend the CAT 305.5E2 excavator as the best choice.

Yanmar mini excavator

Yanmar mini excavator is the right choice for customers who need agile, powerful and efficient machines to handle a variety of jobs in the construction and plantation sectors that are impossible to do with large machines. In addition to buttons and all functions that are easily accessible to the operator, an LCD monitor is also included which is useful for monitoring water temperature, warnings for fuel, hydraulic oil, electrical system functions, and others.

The cab is designed to allow the operator adequate visibility when operating the unit. In addition, the operator’s seat is equipped with ergonomic features so that the operator can work comfortably and not tire quickly.

Meanwhile, the highest class in the Yanmar mini excavator range uses a Cummins engine capable of spewing out 179 kW of power. These units come with two options: using a full cabin with air conditioning and a regular canopy.

John deere mini excavator

With a very light weight in its class, the john deere mini excavator is a mini digger that has very strong strength. From 17G with a variable width undercarriage and blades that fold to get through narrow driveways up to 60G with a standard climate controlled cab.

Our John deere mini excavator has the right model for you. Equipped with a mechanical quick coupler and auxiliary hydraulics, each model can be paired with a john deere mini excavator attachment for exceptional versatility and productivity in all your earthmoving applications.

Operation of the mini excavator is more or less the same as an ordinary excavator. However, there are several things that need to be considered so that the mini excavator can reach its maximum life, such as:

Machine Limits

Mini excavators have varied load limits according to the size of the tool and bucket. Check the manual again and make sure the maximum load for the mini excavator. Remember, overload can cause damage to the mini excavator and danger to people around the machine.

The Right Track

Always adjust the type of Track used with field conditions. This can minimize damage or rapid wear on the track and prevent work accidents.


Even though it is smaller than its ‘family‘, the mini excavator can also be dangerous. Make sure you have followed the existing training and manuals. In addition to minimizing work accidents, this can also minimize damage to the Mini Excavator.


It is mandatory to extend the life of heavy equipment, including mini excavators. Plan and carry out routine maintenance for your mini excavator. With proactive maintenance, you can avoid breakdowns or premature downtime.

A mini excavator that is operated and cared for properly will certainly provide maximum production. Machine uptime range will be longer with low breakdown frequency. Cost management for the mini excavator has also become more efficient due to reduced out-of-pocket expenses for unscheduled repairs.

The following is a daily inspection for excavators as a mini excavator inspection so that maintenance can be maintained and can reduce risks in occupational health and safety.

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About the Author: Andres Ina Rivai

Good work is always to follow good and precise procedures. Don't forget that safety and health at work are always the top priority

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